There are a number of methods for abortion in India. Some of these treatments and ways aren’t very safe, while others may be expensive for some Indian women. Let us try to understand the different methods that women in India can choose between after having made up their mind to get their pregnancy terminated.
Abortion pills in India is without a doubt the most popular, and widely used, method for the termination of a pregnancy among Indian women.
There are two pills included in this procedure. The second is taken a good 48 hours of having taken the first pill, which is known as mifepristone.
The second component of this method is called misoprostal, that is usually administered 2 days after the first. Amongst all other methods of abortion available to Indian women, pills are the most frequently used, mostly because it offers one the privacy on undertaking it within the confines of one’s own home.
Only a woman’s whose pregnancy is less than 49 days should be considered for this procedure under normal circumstances, since there are a number of side effects associated with this procedure.
Dilation and Curettage
Dilation and curettage, commonly abbreviated as D&C, is used for the treatment of a number of uterine conditions in non-pregnant women. However, when performed for the purpose of an abortion it dismembers the unborn child.
The mother’s cervix is required to stretched wide for this procedure. This is turn can cause damage to the fetus, as well as the woman, and can cause the death or premature delivery of a baby.
To verify the success of this invasive procedure, a follow-up examination is required. A nurse is also required to check for any remnant fetal parts that may still be in the womb. An incomplete abortion beings with it risks of haemorrhage and sepsis.
In this methods, the fetus is dismembered, i.e. torn apart, by a vaccuum machine, which is among the most commonly used techniques by women.
The cervix, i.e. the neck of the womb, would need to be stretched open in order to allow a surgeon to insert the tune of the vacuum into the womb.
The tube in question has sharp edges near the tip, which helps to dismember the growing fetus into small parts which can be easily sucked out by the machine. The surgeon then proceeds to evacuate the placenta.
All of what is sucked out through the vacuum are deposited directly in a jar, which is then sealed and disposed off appropriately.
The particular technique is considered to be among the most safe method for women who are still in the early stages of their pregnancy. In most cases, this method is not recommended to a woman who is over 12 weeks pregnant. Nevertheless, this method is used in over 50% of the pregnancies between 13 and 19 weeks.
Majority of such terminations are performed on young, healthy women for non-medical reasons, meaning to say that it is by matter of their own choice that they opt for this procedure.
Once the fetus is over 12 weeks in age, it is often necessary for the surgeons to use other instruments to remove or crush the parts of the growing baby that are too large to pass through the tube without causing a hindrance.
This procedure is rarely performed these days. It is essentially the same as a cesarean section birth, where the mother’s abdomen is cut open to remove the baby directly from the womb.
While performing this procedure for the purpose of abortion, the baby is killed before the birth by cutting the umbilical cord in order to stop the oxygen supply keeping the infant alive.
Since there are a number of obvious risks, like the baby being born alive, involved in a hysterotomy, one wouldn’t rarely find any half decent clinic, hospital or surgeon who is prepared to perform it.
There are also a number of risks that are attached to a hysterotomy. Foremost among them being peritonitis, thrombosis, and pulmonary embolism.
A concentrated salt solution that is injected into the amniotic fluid is effective for killing growing fetus by acute salt poisoning.
This technique is known to be extremely dangerous, and is therefore not in use in many larger Western countries. However, there are still places in India, and other developing, third world countries, that use such inexpensive methods.
It takes over an hour for the baby to die, and after 24 hours, the mother goes into labor where she then deliver the dead infant. There are however instances in which the babies have managed to be born alive despite the salt solution.
A relatively recent alternative, and more expensive, is a late abortion pill by the name of prostaglandin. This pill is not without its own fair share of risks. Hemorrhage, infection, and retention of the placenta, in which case a surgery is the only alternative, are among some known risks.
This drug causes powerful contractions, which in turn helps to expel the fetus. This process usually end up in killing the fetus.
Doctors have also been known to use poison urea into the womb of a pregnant women to terminate a pregnancy.
Women should always consult with a qualified medical professional before proceeding any of the given methods. Regardless of the method one chooses, there are certain attached side effects that one needs to take care of.
While choosing one of the many methods of abortion in India, women should always consult a gynecologist rather than seeking the help of unscrupulous individuals offering to perform unsupervised, and illegal procedures.